Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP)
The Pesticide Registration Division (PRD) and the Health and Safety Authority are jointly responsible for the application of Regulation 1272/2008 (CLP Regulation). The purpose of the CLP Regulation is to provide a globally harmonised system of classification and labelling so that chemical labels can be understood worldwide, thus increasing safety in the transport and use of chemicals and facilitating trade across borders. The CLP regulation sets out the rules and criteria for the labelling of all chemicals with regard to human health, chemical properties and environmental protection. PRD has specific responsibility for the labelling of pesticides (e.g. fungicides, insecticides, herbicides) used in agriculture, horticulture and also in home and garden use and for the labelling of biocides (e.g. preservatives, disinfectants and antiseptics).
The label on a product identifies the relevant hazards or dangers to health and to the environment. PRD evaluates the relevant data in a process called hazard evaluation. Examples of hazards are: explosive, flammable, corrosive to metals, skin or eye irritation, toxicity by the oral/dermal/inhalation route, carcinogenicity (tumour causing), reproductive toxicity or mutagenicity and toxic to the aquatic environment. If the nature and severity of the identified hazard meets the criteria of the CLP Regulation then a specific descriptive label is assigned together with precautions for the safe conditions of use of the product. For example “Causes Severe Eye irritation” will be accompanied by such phrases as ‘avoid eye contact’/’wear suitable protective clothing’/‘in case of contact wash eyes’. In this way, all such products are labelled to identify the hazards and provide clear, understandable instructions on the safe conditions of use.